The Long Distance Rail will serve to connect residents to not only other cities in Qatar, but to population centres in the rest of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries that includes Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, the UAE, and Oman, through the proposed regional rail network. This rail network will have positive ramifications on the country’s environment through the reduction of greenhouse gases as a single journey effectively replaces the need for hundreds of cars and trucks to take the same trip.
The Long Distance Rail network consists of five main lines:
• Freight line from Mesaieed Port to Ras Laffan.
• Mixed line (passenger and freight) from Doha to Dukhan.
• Mixed line from Doha to Al Shamal.
• Mixed line from Doha to Saudi Arabia.
• High speed passenger line from Doha to Bahrain.
Phase 1 includes construction of nearly 143 kilometres of operational railway track with 34 turnouts (main tracks), one station, three freight yards, one intermodal yard, 59 bridges and 36 culverts (a tunnel for a road or drain going under a road or railroad). The scope of work comprises civil works (earthworks, bridges, culverts, track works, freight yards, intermodal yard and passenger station, its architecture and MEP), railway systems manufacture, installation and integration of equipment; manufacture and supply of rolling stock, and railway operation and maintenance.
To be developed in distinct phases, the Long Distance Passenger and Freight Rail network will cover a distance of 350 kilometres at a speed ranging between 220 and 270 kilometres per hour for passenger trains and 120 kilometres per hour for freight trains.
The network will be executed over four phases, with plans to initiate the enabling works in 2015 and complete the fourth and final phase in 2030. Once completed this network will include lines to Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the new port, and Hamad International Airport outside of Doha.